WMJ Vol 120 Issue 2: Hepatitis C Treatment Knowledge and Practice Among Family Medicine Physicians in Wisconsin During the Current Hepatitis C Epidemic
Background: Curative treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV) exists, making elimination of HCV possible. However, most people with HCV have not received treatment. One barrier is limited access to treatment providers. HCV treatment can be effectively provided by primary care providers and, since 2017, Wisconsin Medicaid allows nonspecialists to prescribe treatment. We surveyed family medicine physicians in Wisconsin to evaluate capacity for the provision of HCV treatment.
Methods: We mailed a survey to family medicine physicians in Wisconsin from June 25, 2018 through September 7, 2018. Physicians were asked whether they prescribe HCV treatment and about their knowledge regarding HCV treatment and relevant statewide Medicaid policy. Using multivariable logistic regression, we evaluated physician characteristics associated with prescribing HCV treatment.
Results: Of 1,333 physicians surveyed, 600 (45%) responded. Few respondents reported prescribing HCV treatment independently (1%; n = 4) or in consultation with a specialist (6%; n = 35). Only 6% (n = 36) reported having a “great deal” of knowledge about HCV treatment. Most (86%; n = 515) were not aware that family medicine physicians can now prescribe HCV treatment covered by Medicaid. Physicians who practiced in offices affiliated with health systems were less likely to prescribe HCV treatment than physicians who practiced in an independent office or a Rural Health Clinic.
Conclusions: Among family medicine physicians in Wisconsin, experience with and knowledge of HCV treatment was limited. Developing knowledge and skills among primary care providers is needed to expand treatment access and make progress toward HCV elimination. Studies are needed to evaluate treatment access in primary care offices affiliated with health systems.
The target audience for this journal-based activity is healthcare providers caring for the people and communities of Wisconsin and beyond.
As a result of this journal-based activity, learners will be able to:
- Discuss the role of primary care teams in treatment of hepatitis C.
- Summarize the results of a survey study exploring knowledge and practice patterns related to hepatitis C among family medicine physicians in Wisconsin.
- Reflect on barriers to patients receiving hepatitis C treatment in the learner’s clinical practice.
It is the policy of the University of Wisconsin–Madison Interprofessional Continuing Education Partnership (ICEP) to identify, mitigate and disclose all relevant financial relationships with ineligible companies* held by the speakers/presenters, authors, planners, and other persons who may influence content of this accredited continuing education (CE). In addition, speakers, presenters and authors must disclose any planned discussion of unlabeled/unapproved uses of drugs or devices during their presentation.
For this accredited continuing education activity all relevant financial relationships have been mitigated and detailed disclosures are listed below.
|Name of Individual||Individual's Role in Activity|
Financial Relationship Disclosure
|Marianna Shershneva, MD, PhD||Accreditation Specialist||No relevant relationships with ineligible companies to disclose||No|
|Ruth Koepke, MPH||Author||No relevant relationships with ineligible companies to disclose||No|
|Wajiha Z. Akhtar, PhD, MPH||Author||No relevant relationships with ineligible companies to disclose||No|
|Vanessa M. Kung, MD, PhD||Author||No relevant relationships with ineligible companies to disclose||No|
|David W. Seal, PhD||Author||No relevant relationships with ineligible companies to disclose||No|
|Elizabeth Salisbury-Afshar, MD, MPH||Author||No relevant relationships with ineligible companies to disclose||No|
|Ryan P. Westergaard, MD, PhD, MPH||Author||No relevant relationships with ineligible companies to disclose||No|
|Sarina Schrager, MD||Editor||No relevant relationships with ineligible companies to disclose||No|
|Jillian Landeck, MD||Reviewer||No relevant relationships with ineligible companies to disclose||No|
|Laura Ozkan, PA||Reviewer||No relevant relationships with ineligible companies to disclose||No|
|David Dwyer, PhD, RN, NE-BC||Reviewer||No relevant relationships with ineligible companies to disclose||No|
*Ineligible companies are those whose primary business is producing, marketing, selling, re-selling, or distributing healthcare products used by or on, patients.
The ACCME does not consider providers of clinical services directly to patients to be ineligible companies.
|In support of improving patient care, this activity has been planned and implemented by the University of Wisconsin–Madison ICEP and the Wisconsin Medical Journal. The University of Wisconsin–Madison ICEP is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.|
Credit Designation Statements
American Medical Association (AMA)
The University of Wisconsin–Madison ICEP designates this journal-based CE activity for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC)
The University of Wisconsin–Madison ICEP designates this journal-based CE activity for a maximum of 1.0 ANCC contact hour.
AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PHYSICIAN ASSISTANTS (AAPA)
|The University of Wisconsin–Madison ICEP has been authorized by the American Academy of PAs (AAPA) to award AAPA Category 1 CME credit for activities planned in accordance with AAPA CME Criteria. This activity is designated for 1.0 AAPA Category 1 CME credits. Approval is valid until 2/16/2023. PAs should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation.|
Continuing Education Units
The University of Wisconsin–Madison ICEP, as a member of the University Professional & Continuing Education Association (UPCEA), authorizes this program for 0.1 continuing education units (CEUs) or 1 hour.
- 1.00 AAPA Category 1 CME
- 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™
- 1.00 ANCC Contact Hours
- 1.00 University of Wisconsin–Madison Continuing Education Hours
- 1.00 Approved for AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™
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